How Do Electric Cookers Work?

Let's Talk About How Do Electric Cookers Work. One benefit of technology is the freedom it gives people from doing mundane tasks – cooking is one of such tasks.

If you've ever cooked with a gas stove, you'd know how frustrating it can be, food getting burnt, when left unattended.

You'll have to keep an eye on it. But the invention of electric cookers has curbed that.

Electric cookers are found in virtually all apartments as far as there is a kitchen available.

This is probably because they are cheap, easy to use, and maintain, amongst other benefits of using an electric cooker.

Turning down the heat of the cooker keeps the food warm and slow cooking without burning.

The real question now is how does an electric cooker work? How do they cook food without burning it?

This post contains answers to that question. Read on to find out more!

  1. What Are Electric Cookers Made Of?
    1. Heating Elements
    2. Temperature Sensor
    3. Vessel
    4. Lid
  2. How It Functions

What Are Electric Cookers Made Of?

To truly understand how electric cookers work, there is a need for a thorough understanding of each component in an electric cooker and there functions. All cookers are made up of:

Heating Elements

The heating element/ coils are at the base of the cooker. It converts electrical energy to heat/thermal energy.

When electricity passes through, it encounters some kind of resistance. This resistance causes heat energy to build up.

It is then transferred from the base of the vessel to cook with it.

Temperature Sensor

The temperature sensor controls the amount of heat is been transferred from the heating element to the vessel.

It is a spring back to interrupts the heat flow when there is a temperature change.

When the cooking temperature is set (low heat, medium, or high heat), a temperature higher than the set cooking temperature causes the cooker to go off.

It comes back on when the temperature is lower.


The vessel has an inner casing and an outer one. The outer casing is usually made of metal, containing a heating coil – low voltage heating curl.

These coils are completely covered by the outer casing.

The inner casing is made up of ceramic. The ceramic is fitted inside the heating element.

The function of the inner casing is to reduce the quantity of heat reaching the food cooking in the vessel.


The lid is usually made of glass with a tight rim on it. The function is that they ensure that water doesn’t escape from the cooker in form of steam, rather, they are collected on the lid, where they b become condensed and fall back into the cooker.

How It Functions

When turned on, the heating element collet electricity and heats up. The heat from the coil transfers to the space between the outer casing and the ceramic lining.

It gradually heats the ceramic, which in turn heats the food. All of this takes place at the base of the cooker.

As the food gets heated, water boils at 100c and turns to steam. The steam moves upward and gets trapped on the lid.

They condense and return into the cooker to heat the top layer and are absorbed by the food. On and on it goes till the food gets fully cooked.

There are several kinds of electric cookers available on our amazon online store.

Visit our website to make a purchase today!

If you want to know other articles similar to How Do Electric Cookers Work? you can visit the category slow cookers.

Sergio Suárez Benitez

Communications professional and disseminator of natural and cultural heritage. Believer in the idea that another world is possible.

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